Posts filed under ‘.logic’
Suppose you have nine identical coins that all look alike. You also know that all coins are identical in weight except for one, which is lighter than the others, the counterfeit. The difference is only perceptible by using a special balance, but only the coins themselves can be weighed, and it can only be used twice in total.
Can you find the counterfeit coin with only two weighings?
Imagine you are on planet Trulie with only two inhabitants, one that always tells the truth, and the other that always lies. You reach a fork in the road with a sign to the City of Truths. Unfortunately, the road sign is down. Fortunately, a Trulian appears from nowhere. What question do you ask him to find the way to the City of Truth?
Once upon a time a farmer went to market and purchased a fox, a goose, and a bag of beans. On his way home, the farmer came to the bank of a river and hired a boat. But in crossing the river by boat, the farmer could carry only himself and a single one of his purchases – the fox, the goose, or the bag of the beans.
If left alone, the fox would eat the goose, and the goose would eat the beans.
The farmer’s challenge was to carry himself and his purchases to the far bank of the river, leaving each purchase intact.
How did he do it?
This problem can be found in eighth-century writings:
A man has to take a wolf, a goat, and some cabbage across a river. His rowboat can only hold the man plus either the wolf, the goat, or the cabbage. If he takes the cabbage with him, the wolf will eat the goat. If he takes the wolf, the goat will eat the cabbage. Only when the man is present are the goat and the cabbage safe from their enemies. All the same the man carries wolf, goat, and cabbage across the river. How?
Sailor Cat needs to bring a wolf, a goat, and a cabbage across the river.
The boat is tiny and can only carry one passenger at a time.
If he leaves the wolf and the goat alone together, the wolf will eat the goat.
If he leaves the goat and the cabbage alone together, the goat will eat the cabbage.
How can he bring all three safely across the river?
There are 7 red socks and 7 white socks in a drawer. If you must reach in the drawer blindfolded, what is the least number of socks you must pull out of the drawer so that you get either two reds or two whites?
Would it be less expensive for you to take a friend to the movies three times, or three friends one time?